Of all the losses, mind is certainly one of the scariest for the simple reason we are totally at anybody's mercy for anything and everything without it. Dementia, then, is something most of us who will live past our 60 might have to deal with, sooner or later.
Dementia is caused when the brain is damaged by diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease or a series of strokes. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia, but not the only one.The specific symptoms that someone with dementia experiences will depend on the parts of the brain that are damaged and the disease that is causing the dementia.
10 warning signs of dementia
It’s normal to occasionally forget appointments and remember them later. A person with dementia may forget things more often or not remember them at all.
Difficulty with tasks
People can get distracted and they may forget to serve part of a meal. A person with dementia may have trouble with all the steps involved in preparing a meal.
A person with dementia may have difficulty finding their way to a familiar place or feel confused about where they are, or think they are back in some past time of their life.
A person with dementia may forget simple words or substitute inappropriate words, making sentences difficult to understand. They may also have trouble understanding others.
Changes in abstract thinking
Managing finances can be difficult for anyone, but a person with dementia may have trouble knowing what the numbers mean or what to do with them.
Many activities require good judgement. When this ability is affected by dementia, the person may have difficulty making appropriate decisions, such as what to wear in cold weather.
Poor spatial skills
A person with dementia may have difficulty judging distance or direction when driving a car.
Anyone can temporarily misplace a wallet or keys. A person with dementia may not know what the keys are for.
Mood, personality or behaviour changes
Someone with dementia can have rapid mood swings, for no apparent reason. They can become confused, suspicious or withdrawn. Some can become disinhibited or more outgoing.
Loss of initiative
It is normal to tire of some activities. Dementia may cause a person to lose interest in previously enjoyed activities or require cues prompting them to become involved.
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